Leamington Hastings

Church of England Academy

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Spelling, punctuation and grammar

Children in KS1 (Years 1 and 2) learn to use spelling, punctuation and grammar within their writing. 


At the end of KS1, children assessed on the following elements:


  • Sentence grammar - through both identifying and writing sentences that are grammatically correct.
  • Punctuation - through identifying and writing sentences that are correctly punctuated.
  • Vocabulary - through identifying and writing sentences in which a word is used correctly.
  • Spelling - through word lists such as common exception words and spelling patterns.







The children need to know the meanings of the follow terms and use them in their writing:


Adjective - a word used to describe a noun e.g. the red ball.

Apostrophe - in KS1 the children need to use a singular possessive apostrophe e.g. Tom's car.

Capital letters - to use a capital letter at the start of a sentence, for the name of a person, the

            day of the week and months of the year. 

Comma - the children need to use commas in a list and commas between adjectives e.g. the

            large, red ball. 

Compound word - a new word made from 2 smaller words e.g. class + room = classroom.

Conjunction - a word that joins parts of a sentence together e.g. and, but, so, because, when, if,

            then and or. It was raining but we still went outside to play. 

Consonant - The letters that are not vowels. You need to use your tongue or lips to say them.

Continuous verb - a verb that is the middle of happening.

Contraction - A new word that has been formed by putting 2 words together, some letters have

            been taken away and replaced with an apostrophe. E.g. do + not = don't.

Exclamation - Something that is said loudly, with a strong emotion or with emphasis. 

Exclamation mark - A punctuation mark that is used at the end of an exclamation - !

Exclamatory sentence - a sentence that begins with what or how, contains a verb and ends in an

             exclamation mark. 

Full stop - A punctuation mark used at the end of a sentence. 

Imperative verb - A very that tells you what to do (bossy) e.g. put, bake, slide or sit.

Noun - A name for a person, place or thing. E.g. Tom, London or pencil.

Past tense - A way to write verbs, showing that something has happened in the past e.g. played,

              threw, jumped or swam. 

Phoneme - A unit of sound when we speak e.g. ai. Words are made up of phonemes - rock has 3

               phonemes - r/o/ck.

Plural - A plural is more than one, you add the letter s or es to a noun to show that it is plural

               e.g. foxes, buses, pencils or computers. 

Present tense - A way to write verbs, showing that something is happening now or all of the

               time e.g. jumping, speaking, thinking or skipping. 

Question - A sentence that asks something. It will always end in a question mark.

Question mark - A type of punctuation that shows a question is being asked - ?

Sentence - A group of words formed to convey an ideas, it always contains a verb. A sentence

                begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, exclamation mark or question


Singular - Only one thing e.g. computer, pencil, table or chair.

Statement - A sentence that gives you information and ends in a full stop.

Suffix - letters that you put at the end of a word to make a new word e.g. play + ing = playing.

Verb - A word that describes an action.

Vowel -The letters A, E, I, O and U. You do not need to use your tongue or lips to say them.