Spelling, punctuation and grammar
Children in KS1 (Years 1 and 2) learn to use spelling, punctuation and grammar within their writing.
At the end of KS1, children assessed on the following elements:
- Sentence grammar - through both identifying and writing sentences that are grammatically correct.
- Punctuation - through identifying and writing sentences that are correctly punctuated.
- Vocabulary - through identifying and writing sentences in which a word is used correctly.
- Spelling - through word lists such as common exception words and spelling patterns.
The children need to know the meanings of the follow terms and use them in their writing:
Adjective - a word used to describe a noun e.g. the red ball.
Apostrophe - in KS1 the children need to use a singular possessive apostrophe e.g. Tom's car.
Capital letters - to use a capital letter at the start of a sentence, for the name of a person, the
day of the week and months of the year.
Comma - the children need to use commas in a list and commas between adjectives e.g. the
large, red ball.
Compound word - a new word made from 2 smaller words e.g. class + room = classroom.
Conjunction - a word that joins parts of a sentence together e.g. and, but, so, because, when, if,
then and or. It was raining but we still went outside to play.
Consonant - The letters that are not vowels. You need to use your tongue or lips to say them.
Continuous verb - a verb that is the middle of happening.
Contraction - A new word that has been formed by putting 2 words together, some letters have
been taken away and replaced with an apostrophe. E.g. do + not = don't.
Exclamation - Something that is said loudly, with a strong emotion or with emphasis.
Exclamation mark - A punctuation mark that is used at the end of an exclamation - !
Exclamatory sentence - a sentence that begins with what or how, contains a verb and ends in an
Full stop - A punctuation mark used at the end of a sentence.
Imperative verb - A very that tells you what to do (bossy) e.g. put, bake, slide or sit.
Noun - A name for a person, place or thing. E.g. Tom, London or pencil.
Past tense - A way to write verbs, showing that something has happened in the past e.g. played,
threw, jumped or swam.
Phoneme - A unit of sound when we speak e.g. ai. Words are made up of phonemes - rock has 3
phonemes - r/o/ck.
Plural - A plural is more than one, you add the letter s or es to a noun to show that it is plural
e.g. foxes, buses, pencils or computers.
Present tense - A way to write verbs, showing that something is happening now or all of the
time e.g. jumping, speaking, thinking or skipping.
Question - A sentence that asks something. It will always end in a question mark.
Question mark - A type of punctuation that shows a question is being asked - ?
Sentence - A group of words formed to convey an ideas, it always contains a verb. A sentence
begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, exclamation mark or question
Singular - Only one thing e.g. computer, pencil, table or chair.
Statement - A sentence that gives you information and ends in a full stop.
Suffix - letters that you put at the end of a word to make a new word e.g. play + ing = playing.
Verb - A word that describes an action.
Vowel -The letters A, E, I, O and U. You do not need to use your tongue or lips to say them.